ESG Framework Mapping Project (2023)

Company B

B CORP describes itself as a "social movement" where companies pay to become B Corporation certified. To become a certified B Corp, your organization must complete and pay for a B Impact Assessment (BIA), which assesses how your company's operations and business model affect employees, communities, the environment and customers. A company does not have to meet specific criteria (for example, setting and meeting goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions) to be a B Corp. Instead, companies must score at least 80 points on the B Corp Impact Assessment, which includes 200 questions about the company's operations and business model. Certification is primarily conducted over the phone, and approximately 10% of companies are selected for in-depth assessment. Certificates are renewed every three years.

Chartered financial analyst

CFA's Global ESG Disclosure Standard for Investment Products aims to make it easier for investors to understand and compare ESG labeled products. The parameters of the standard are product goals, investment process, management activities and disclosures. The standard applies to all types of investment vehicles, such as mutual funds, ETFs, insurance-based investment products and managed accounts, and covers all asset classes from publicly traded stocks to fixed income securities, private debt and equity , infrastructure and real estate. In addition, the standard focuses on ESG investment approaches such as ESG integration, exclusions, screening, best-in-class, thematic, sustainable investing, impact investing and management, and considers both passive and active strategies. For investment managers, the standard aims to reduce company legal and compliance risks, facilitate sales and distribution, and improve efficiency in responding to requests for proposals and due diligence questionnaires.

(Video) Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) | Overview and Framework


ESG_VC is a questionnaire that asks for a combination of business intent and impact. Companies can choose which measures to report on and only those measures are scored. It is based on the National Social Value Measurement Framework (TOM) for measuring social value. The primary outcome provided is a numerical score for each of the E, S, and G columns. 2 points for everyone who answered "yes" or submitted a numerical rating, and those who answered "no - but we plan to in the next 12 months" or "we plan to increase this metric in the next 12 months" will be awarded 1 point . 0 points for the answer "no". The initiative was promoted by Beringea, a venture capital firm, as an "industry initiative". Beringea is an investor in the Social Value Portal, which provides TOM's measurement framework.

ESG gen

ESGgen is a platform for standardized auditing and reporting of ESG metrics, designed for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). ESGgen claims to be "the first ESG accounting platform built specifically for SMEs". A CPA (also ESG certified) tests the actual data and documentation a company already has and calculates ESG impacts to generate a series of ESG accounts (similar to financial accounting). ESG impact is measured using a proprietary scorecard consisting of 8 environmental, 15 social and 6 governance measures and 2 policy statements. An additional report describes the value created and value at risk of the company's ESG impact.


GRESB focuses on real estate. It is primarily used by investors to assess the viability of real estate and infrastructure portfolios and assets. GRESB ratings are designed to provide investors and asset managers with critical insights into the sustainability performance of companies' real assets. These assessments are aligned with international reporting frameworks such as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and the Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI). Rating participants receive comparative company data on how they compare to peers, an action plan they can take to improve ESG performance, and a communications platform to engage with investors. GRESB's property assessment requires companies to collect and report property-level data such as green building certifications, stakeholder engagement and automated property classification.

(Video) How to create ESG reports

Global Reporting Initiative

GRI is a globally applicable guidance framework that provides standards (GRI Standards) that describe materiality, management reporting and disclosure methods for a wide range of sustainability issues. Many organizations follow the GRI standards when creating their own sustainability and ESG reports. Every organization that reports according to the GRI framework uses these three general criteria. Organizations can also choose between thematic criteria for reporting on their significant topics – economic, environmental or social. The GRI standards are designed to meet the information needs of all stakeholders, and the modular structure supports integrated reporting and selective disclosure. It offers additional paid GRI services, such as assistance with report creation and SDG mapping.

ILPA ESG Data Transformation Project

This framework applies to private equity industry stakeholders collaborating to gather better, actionable ESG data for decision-making, to gain a deeper understanding of ESG factors and their relationship to financial performance, and ultimately to better act on key ESG issues. The aim is to enable general partners (GPs) and portfolio companies to measure their current position and accelerate progress towards ESG improvements, which the group believes will lead to better financial results. It can also improve transparency and provide limited partners (LPs) with more comparable portfolio information. The six metrics are: Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions (not Scope 3), renewable energy, board diversity, workplace injuries, net new hires, and employee engagement.

in a good mood

Moody's ESG Solutions Group is a business unit of Moody's Corporation. The group aims to provide ESG scoring, analytics, sustainability assessments and sustainable financial examiners/certifiers. Moody's ESG Score Predictor provides companies of all sizes with ESG and carbon footprint assessments, as well as transition and physical risk management scores, combining scoring methodology and data from its ESG assessment domain with environmental and socioeconomic measures. The ESG Score Predictor uses 56 ESG scores and subscores for specific companies based on location, industry and size. Only companies in the database can be rated.

(Video) ESG Frameworks & Standards


In 2006, the United Nations launched the Principles for Responsible Investment to help investors integrate ESG factors into their investment and ownership decisions. The international network of investor signatories has grown from 100 to more than 2,300, representing more than $80 trillion in assets under management. The Six Principles are a set of voluntary investment principles backed by 35 possible actions that investors can take to integrate ESG into their investment practices. PRI aligns its work specifically with the UN's Sustainable Development Goals and has made reporting based on the TCFD mandatory for its signatories in 2020. 6 principles incorporate ESG issues into investment analysis, decision-making, ownership policy and practice; seek ESG disclosures from investees; promote acceptance, implementation and effectiveness of the principles within the investment industry and report on progress in the implementation of the principles.


The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) is a non-profit organization that develops a standard for identifying, managing and communicating financially significant sustainability information to investors. These criteria are explained through a significance map and contain a set of 77 specific measures. SASB communicates sustainable value created by companies in the language of investors. SASB can be used in combination with other frameworks. For example, many companies use SASB together with GRI. Recently, the SASB and the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) officially merged into the Value Reporting Foundation (VRF).

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

In 2015, the United Nations identified the Sustainable Development Goals as a set of political ambitions to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Sustainable Development Goals provide a blueprint for countries to achieve a more sustainable future, including eradicating poverty and hunger, improving health and education, combating climate change, and protecting oceans and forests. While the SDGs were developed for UN member states, the UN Global Compact and the Global Reporting Initiative have joined forces to help companies report on the SDGs. There are 17 goals, 169 targets and 231 unique indicators. The Sustainable Development Goals are described as a network of goals that are difficult to directly align with corporate goals, strategies and responsibilities. Claims about a company's contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals are based on estimates, not on verifiable measurements.

(Video) How to Figure Out Which ESG Framework to Use


The Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) was established to improve and increase the reporting of climate-related financial risks by financial market participants. It was established in 2015 by the G20 Financial Stability Board (FSB) to develop voluntary guidelines for companies, banks and investors to use in disclosing climate-related financial risks and opportunities to their stakeholders. The recommendations, published in 2017, are intended to help financial market participants, including lenders, insurers and investors, to better assess risks and opportunities. TCFD-based reporting will be mandatory by 2020 for all property owners and managers who have signed up to the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI), initially on a voluntary basis.

Venture Capital ESG

VentureESG aims to help VCs integrate ESG into their due diligence and portfolio management processes. The framework, which consists of 79 questions and 13 measures, aims to create a "thematic domain that facilitates engagement, teaching and training" around ESG issues in venture capital and its portfolio companies. To understand current trends in industry adoption of ESG, VentureESG surveyed venture capital firms in their communities to shed light on how ESG performance can significantly impact future financial performance and value creation.

World Economic Forum

The International Business Council of the World Economic Forum (WEF), PwC and other service providers with the Climate Disclosure Standards Board (CDSB), the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) and the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board ( SASB) Collaboration)) work to identify common benchmarks of "long-term value creation" to provide more consistent and comparable reporting to stakeholders, including investors. The final framework, published in September 2020, is a set of non-binding recommendations consisting of 21 core indicators (endorsed criteria) and 34 composite indicators (broader scope/impact), covering 4 pillars: people, planet, prosperity and governance.

(Video) How ESG Metrics Work And Why All Investors Should Care


Why is ESG reporting difficult? ›

ESG risks are especially challenging to monitor because many aren't quantifiable. They can't be defined in terms of dollars and cents. And in fact, the most impactful sustainability initiatives might in themselves pose a risk to an enterprise because they may negatively impact the bottom line in the short term.

How do you come up with an ESG score? ›

ESG scores are generated by rating platforms where analysts evaluate corporate disclosures, conduct management interviews, and review publicly available information about an organization to provide an objective rating of the organization's performance.

How to build an ESG roadmap? ›

  1. Step 1: Conduct a Readiness Assessment. ...
  2. Step 3: Conduct Inventory and Assess Data Collection and Governance Practices.
  3. Step 2: Establish a Governance Structure.
  4. Step 4: Decide What to Disclose.
  5. Step 5: Determine Communications Channels.
  6. Step 1: Conduct a Readiness.
  7. Step 2: Establish a Governance.
  8. Step 3: Conduct Inventory,

How do you build an ESG framework? ›

Steps to create an ESG strategy
  1. Ensure commitment on all levels. ESG is a term that might not resonate with all levels of your organisation. ...
  2. Assess your current state. ...
  3. Set ESG goals. ...
  4. Choose an ESG framework. ...
  5. Set key performance indicators and report on your progress.
Nov 28, 2022

What is the biggest problem with ESG? ›

The problem with ESG as an investment approach is the lack of standardized criteria for what makes an investment sustainable.

What is the disadvantage of ESG framework? ›

A major drawback of ESG frameworks aligned to a single industry mission is that they are often built from the perspective of industry-insiders rather than the investors, buyers, and scoring agencies that will actually use the ESG reports.

How accurate are ESG scores? ›

The booming business of rating companies based on their environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance is flawed by inadequate standardization and incomplete and inconsistent data, according to a Stanford University study.

Do ESG scores matter? ›

An excellent ESG score indicates that best practices are being followed in all ESG areas and a company has little to no internal or external problems. A good ESG score signifies that a company is meeting best practices in each ESG category and has a low negative impact on people or the planet.

How do I get ESG approved? ›

To earn the ESG designation, candidates must complete a rigorous curriculum of online courses and exams covering topics such as climate change, water security, human rights, sustainable development goals and responsible investing.

What are the 4 pillars of the ESG roadmap? ›

The Roadmap has four key pillars – Environmental, People, Innovation and Community; its purpose is to drive our ESG goals beyond the Energy Reduction scope to a Group wide activity.

What is an example of an ESG plan? ›

Examples include: Carbon footprint, waste management, pollution, and sustainability efforts that make up its supply chain. Includes social impact generated by relationships with the company's workers, customers, suppliers, and its communities.

What is ESG for beginners? ›

ESG stands for environmental, social and governance. These are called pillars in ESG frameworks and represent the 3 main topic areas that companies are expected to report in.

What is the most widely used ESG framework? ›

Popular ESG reporting frameworks and standards
  • SASB Standards. ...
  • CDSB Framework. ...
  • GRI Standards. ...
  • CDP. ...
  • Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures. ...
  • United Nations Global Compact. ...
  • Workforce Disclosure Initiative.
Apr 7, 2023

What are the three stages of ESG? ›

It's about compliance, proper governance, and risk management. While most North American companies typically incorporate such activities, they are not the global standard. Sometimes, this pillar is called the governance pillar (as in the ESG acronym).

What is framework for measuring ESG? ›

An ESG framework is a systematic approach for identifying, assessing and integrating the economic, environmental and social impacts of a business on society as well as the environment. It can be used for setting goals, determining policies, implementing strategies and more!

What are the top 3 ESG issues? ›

Investors have listed their ESG concerns when it comes to investing, with climate change, workers' rights and conditions, and executive pay topping the list.

Why is ESG controversial? ›

Critics say ESG investments allocate money based on political agendas, such as a drive against climate change, rather than on earning the best returns for savers. They say ESG is just the latest example of the world trying to get “woke.”

Why is ESG flawed? ›

ESG doesn't benefit investors, and on balance it likely harms them. It does, however, benefit its advocates at investors' expense. ESG thus fails morally: its advocates encourage its practitioners to parade their vanity, ignore shareholders and evade accountability. ESG, in short, is socially irresponsible.

What are the barriers to implementing ESG? ›

Read on for the four common barriers that organizations encounter and how to conquer them.
  • Siloed and Disparate Data. ...
  • Lack of Resources and Strategy. ...
  • Increasing and Ever-Evolving Regulations and Frameworks. ...
  • Conflicting Needs of Stakeholders. ...
  • How FigBytes Helps Organizations Overcome These ESG Challenges.
Nov 9, 2022

What are the risks of implementing ESG? ›

What is ESG Risk?
  • Losing financing from ESG investors.
  • Losing socially-conscious customers.
  • Violating regulations, which can result in huge fines.
Aug 31, 2022

What is the main criticism towards ESG ratings? ›

Challenge 1: ESG Ratings Are Expensive and Bothersome

Those higher operating costs generally get passed on to sustainable investment product customers in the form of higher management fees, which may impact investor returns rather than the bottom lines of asset managers.

What is Tesla's ESG score? ›

Industry Comparison
CompanyESG Risk RatingIndustry Rank
BYD Co., Ltd.23.9 Medium35 out of 91
Volkswagen AG26.1 Medium48 out of 91
Tesla, Inc.28.8 Medium72 out of 91
Toyota Motor Corp.29.1 Medium75 out of 91
1 more row

What is Walmart's ESG score? ›

Walmart ESG Score + Net Impact Profile
Societal Infrastructure+0.09
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Is Apple an ESG company? ›

Apple's products are distributed online as well as through company-owned stores and third-party retailers.
Industry Comparison.
CompanyESG Risk RatingIndustry Rank
Dell Technologies, Inc.16.3 Low223 out of 661
Apple, Inc.16.8 Low239 out of 661
3 more rows

Is ESG actually make a difference? ›

A 2015 meta-study from the University of Oxford showed that companies with better sustainability practices tended to have better operational performance and often superior stock price performance relative to companies rated lower for ESG.

Do investors really care about ESG? ›

By considering ESG factors, investors gain a more holistic view of the companies they back, which can help mitigate risk and identify opportunities for growth and improvement.

Are ESG metrics effective? ›

ESG metrics are important because they help measure performance in three key areas where business can affect the outside world. They can help investors identify the risks of putting their money into a specific organization or project.

Who decides if a company is ESG? ›

Who Determines a Company's ESG Score? There are several third-party organizations that evaluate companies to provide an ESG score, including agencies, research, and analysis firms. These scores are determined based on ESG performance and typically compare companies against their peers.

How long does an ESG take? ›

The ESG takes place in an endoscopy suite while you are asleep under general anesthesia. It lasts about 90 minutes. The procedure is performed using an endoscope — a flexible tube with a light, camera and an endoscopic suturing device attached.

Who assigns ESG scores? ›

The top ESG rating agencies and data providers include Sustainalytics, MSCI ESG Research, and ESGI. These agencies share their ratings freely to provide transparency into the data they use so that companies can improve their ESG practices over time.

What are the three criteria that are relied on to measure ESG performance? ›

Under the ESG investing umbrella, we have identified three common investor objectives or motivations when considering an ESG strategy: Integration, Values and Impact.

How many ESG reporting frameworks are there? ›

Today there are no less than a dozen major ESG reporting frameworks in existence — each with their own metrics, methodology, and scoring system.

How many ESG indicators are there? ›

The ratings framework is supported by 20 material ESG issues that are underpinned by more than 300 indicators and 1,300 data points.

What does an ESG strategy look like? ›

In today's global arena, setting an Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) Strategy is seen as an important benchmark for how responsible organisations operate. A successful ESG strategy covers the three main pillars of sustainability: Environment; Social; and Governance.

What is an example of ESG KPI? ›

Examples of ESG KPIs
  • Energy demand and consumption.
  • Water demand and consumption.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions (scopes 1, 2, and 3), including metrics on emissions intensity and reduction.
  • Resource efficiency metrics, including energy, water, and other material resources.

What are ESG projects? ›

What Is ESG Investing? ESG stands for Environmental, Social, and Governance. Investors are increasingly applying these non-financial factors as part of their analysis process to identify material risks and growth opportunities.

What is ESG in a nutshell? ›

Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) investing refers to a set of standards for a company's behavior used by socially conscious investors to screen potential investments. Environmental criteria consider how a company safeguards the environment, including corporate policies addressing climate change, for example.

What is the difference between ESG and sustainability? ›

ESG is based on standards set by lawmakers, investors, and ESG reporting organizations (e.g., GRI, TCFD, MSCI), whereas sustainability standards — while also set by standards groups like GHG Protocol — are more science-based and standardized.

What are ESG fundamentals? ›

ESG is short for Environmental, Social and Governance. When used in the context of investing it refers to how a company is performing, or how seriously it takes, the environmental, social and governance aspects of the company's operations.

Which ESG framework is the best? ›

GRI. The GRI first appeared in 2000 and is today the most popular ESG reporting framework, being used in over 90 countries by corporations, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and more.

What is the difference between framework and standard ESG? ›

Frameworks provide principles-based guidance on how information is structured, how it is prepared, and what broad topics are covered. Meanwhile, standards provide specific, detailed, and replicable requirements for what should be reported for each topic, including metrics.

What is the difference between framework and standard in ESG? ›

ESG reporting frameworks provide guiding principles for ESG reporting, while standards give the tools to follow through on those principles. Both are important, and both should be used in tandem for full ESG transparency.

What is the most important ESG criteria? ›

10 key ESG and sustainability trends, ideas for companies
  • Sustainability and ESG are here to stay. ...
  • Sustainability impact measurement. ...
  • Greenhouse Gas Protocol frameworks. ...
  • Circular economy. ...
  • Climate adaptation. ...
  • Supply chain sustainability. ...
  • More honest carbon footprint disclosure. ...
  • Green IT.
Mar 17, 2023

How do you do an ESG assessment? ›

Key ESG materiality assessment steps
  1. Step 1: Identify key stakeholders. Define your company's purpose and strategic objectives for the materiality assessment. ...
  2. Step 2: Brainstorm material issues. ...
  3. Step 3: Design and conduct a materiality survey. ...
  4. Step 4: Analyze survey insights. ...
  5. Step 5: Create and execute an action plan.

Why ESG frameworks are important? ›

ESG reporting frameworks are used by companies for the disclosure of data covering business operations and opportunities and risks related to the environmental, social and governance (ESG) aspects of the business.

What is the disadvantage of ESG reporting? ›

Not all ESG factors are easily quantifiable, and such factors may not directly translate into earnings growth or enhanced performance for the firm. Current corporate sustainability disclosures are heavily skewed towards process and procedures and not towards actual performance.

What are the challenges of ESG data analysis? ›

Challenges of ESG data management

However, the challenge that companies in every industry share is the collection and processing of accurate and verifiable data. This is largely because sustainability data disclosures have not been a requirement in the past from either a regulatory, investment, or consumer perspective.

What are obstacles to ESG? ›

Greenwashing, data inconsistency, performance challenges, and the difficulty in measuring impact are key criticisms facing ESG products and providers.

What are some of the challenges when working with ESG issues? ›

ESG challenges and solutions – a snapshot
  • Understanding and identifying KPIs are two of the most difficult tasks for organisations considering ESG integration and reporting. ...
  • Identifying relevant stakeholders is important for ESG integration and reporting. ...
  • Tracking and collecting ESG data are challenging.
Jul 19, 2022

What are the pros and cons of ESG? ›

Pros and cons of ESG investing
Can help investors diversify their portfolioESG funds may carry higher than average expense ratios
May reduce portfolio riskESG investing is still a fairly new concept and there isn't a ton of reporting on performance
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Oct 20, 2022

What is missing from ESG reports? ›

ESG data use cases are many and varied. Yet a key challenge in ESG reporting, data collection and data exchanges today is the lack of standardization for entity identification. This makes it difficult to find, compare and consume ESG data globally – leading to a lack of transparency and inefficiencies.

What is the best practice for ESG data? ›

Best practices for building an ESG strategy
  • Set up a dedicated ESG team. ...
  • Align to suitable global & regulatory frameworks. ...
  • Invest in an efficient software tool to collect and monitor ESG data from multiple sources. ...
  • Be transparent with your process.

What are ESG risks metrics? ›

ESG metrics are used to determine a company's strategic and operational ESG achievements, as well as ESG risks and opportunities related to its industry, business model, and value chain. ESG metrics are especially useful for comparing and benchmarking one company compared to other businesses within the same sector.

What is the downfall to ESG investing? ›

They found that the companies in the ESG portfolios had worse compliance record for both labor and environmental rules. They also found that companies added to ESG portfolios did not subsequently improve compliance with labor or environmental regulations.

What are the key success factors for ESG? ›

These include economic, environmental, and social risks and opportunities. Understand and quantify the downside risks and upside opportunities. Once the material issues in your industry and business are understood, you need to measure their impact – and set targets for change.

How ESG data challenges could be overcome? ›

Four ways to overcome ESG challenges
  • Get your own house in order to truly walk the walk. ...
  • Leverage data to prove what you've achieved. ...
  • Push for clearer benchmarks and standards to tell a more consistent story. ...
  • Evidence-based communications to avoid “greenwashing”

What are potential ESG risks? ›

ESG risks can arise from a range of sources, including environmental regulations, social and political changes, and governance issues. They can affect a company's operations, reputation, and financial position.


1. Sustainability 101: ESG Reporting
2. Introduction to ESG Reporting and Disclosure Requirements
(Ed-Watch Official)
3. ESG data – how to bring it to life
(Grant Thornton UK)
4. How to Navigate ESG Disclosure Frameworks – Expert Talks – Océane Rabillon
5. Getting started with ESG reporting, metrics and measurements
(The Social Impact Show)
6. Sustainability Reporting with the GRI Standards (3 SIMPLE STEPS)
(Planet One Point Five)
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